Lahore (/ləˈhɔər/) (Punjabi: لہور, Urdu: لاہور) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab. It is the second largest and most populous city in Pakistan, after Karachi, and the 32nd most populous urban city in the world.The city is located in the north east part of Punjab province, near the border with India. Lahore is ranked as a Gamma+ world city, and is one of Pakistan's wealthiest cities with an estimated total nominal GDP of $58.14 billion.
Lahore is the historic cultural centre of the Punjab region,and is the largest Punjabi city in the world. The city has a long history, and was once under the rule of the Hindu Shahis, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Lodis, Marathas and the Delhi Sultanate. Lahore reached the height of its splendour under the Mughal Empire, serving as its capital city for a number of years. The city then became capital of the Sikh Empire, before becoming the capital of the Punjab under British rule. Lahore was central to the independence movements of both India and Pakistan, with the city being site of both the declaration of Indian Independence, and the resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan. Following the Partition of British India, Lahore became the capital of Pakistan's Punjab province.
Lahore is one of Pakistan's most liberal and cosmopolitan cities with a Muslim majority and a large Christian population. Additionally, Lahore is one of Sikhism's holiest cities and a major Sikh pilgrimage site.The city exerts a strong cultural influence over Pakistan. Lahore is a major centre for Pakistan's publishing industry, and remains the foremost centre of Pakistan's literary scene. The city is also a major centre of education in Pakistan, with some of Pakistan's leading universities based in the city, among them include LUMS, GCU, UET and Forman Christian College Lahore is also home to Pakistan's film industry, Lollywood, and is a major centre of Qawwali music. The city is a major tourist destination, particularly the areas surrounding the ancient Walled City which is home to several World Heritage Sites.More recently, the city is center of Pakistan's technology sector.